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Call For Expression of Interest For A Baseline Survey Consultancy Job
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CALL FOR EXPRESSION OF INTEREST FOR A BASELINE SURVEY CONSULTANCY
TERMS OF REFERENCE
PROJECT FUNDING PROVIDED BY NATIONAL POSTCODE LOTTERY (NETHERLANDS) AND CORDAIDPROJECT BRIEF:PROJECT NAME:(B)EAT THE LOCUSTPROJECT NUMBER:200952PROJECT COUNTRY:KENYACONTRACTING AUTHORITY:CATHOLIC ORGANIZATION FOR RELIEF AND DEVELOPMENT AID (CORDAID)PROJECT PARTNERS:CORDAID, ICIPE AND IMPACTPROJECT PERIOD:01ST APRIL 2022 TO 31ST MARCH 2022
ASSIGNMENT BRIEF:ASSIGNMENT:BASELINE SURVEYOPEN TO:INDIVIDUALS, PARTNERSHIPS AND REGISTERED COMPANIESLOCATION:KENYA – LAIKIPIA, ISIOLO, SAMBURU AND MARSABIT COUNTIESDURATION:30 WORKING DAYS WITHIN NOVEMBER 2022 TO JANUARY 2023SUPERVISOR:CORDAIDBID SUBMISSION DEADLINE16th DECEMBER 2022
Desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria) outbreaks have become a recurring plague from Mauritania to India, from Yemen to Kenya, and beyond. The desert locusts (DL) migrate great distances of up to 90 miles per day, with 1 km2 swarms containing 40-80 million locusts consuming the same amount of food per day as 35,000 people. During the 2019 to 2021 DL outbreak, the worst to ever occur in Kenya in the past 25 years, the swarms consumed approximately 1.8 million tons of vegetation a day, covering 107,000 km2 (20% of the country). In the process, new DL breeding sites were created along the DL migration paths in Kenya. With increasing and frequent climate change effects in favour of increased breeding and survival of DLs (Desert Locusts), it is anticipated that more frequent, intense, and destructive outbreaks, with higher risk of community livelihoods destruction will be witnessed.
Currently, the preferred DL management strategy employed by government is aerial sprays of enormous amounts of synthetic/chemical pesticides at great cost. Although there is little research on the effects of chemical pesticides, it is likely that it has long-term negative effects on human and environmental health as well as huge losses of local biodiversity, threatening the achievements of the sustainable development goals. Some of the pesticides used in control of DL in Kenya are even reported to have been banned in Europe and the US due to their toxicity to bees and fish particularly.
The uptake of biopesticides for DL control in Kenya is low. There is only one biopesticide available (Green Muscle), which is patented and therefore produced by a single company. The availability of the biopesticide on short notice in copious quantities for DL swarm management is thus challenging. In addition, no other innovative and environmentally friendly solutions exist for eradicating DL plagues. Nevertheless, pastoralists in the ASAL (Arid and Semi-Arid Lands) regions of Kenya would prefer biopesticides given their high affinity for use of natural remedies against pests and diseases, building on their traditional indigenous knowledge and practises.
While FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) has a community reporting system for environmental damage due to use of chemical pesticides, most local communities are unaware of it or even the knowledge on the effects of chemical pesticides. Pastoralists need to be aware of the effects of chemical pesticides and empowered to speak up to protect their environment on which they depend.
The outbreak of Covid 19 followed closely by the DL outbreak which cleared large areas of pasture further exacerbated the vulnerability of pastoralists’ livelihoods. As a result, many pastoralists lost their livestock. The resultant lack of income opportunities is also luring vulnerable youth into violent extremism in Northern Kenya, with Al Shabab recruiting cross-border for their cause in Somalia. This calls for a solution that would create new livelihood opportunities that foster food and nutrition security in the region. The IPC reports 1.4 million people in the ASAL regions as ‘people in crises’ or ‘people in emergency’ in February 2021, with this projected to grow to 2 million in May 2021. There are also high levels of acute malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months and pregnant and lactating women in the regions, attributed to a reduced milk production and consumption.
Nonetheless, DLs also present untold opportunity for pastoralists. Over 65 countries prone to outbreaks have historically gathered locusts for sale or home use as food or feed because they are rich in proteins (52-87% on dry matter basis). Locusts are also rich in fat (17%), minerals, vitamins D and E, omega-3 fatty acids, flavonoids, and chitin, which contribute to improved nutrition and enhanced immunity in humans and livestock. A DL swarm covering a square kilometre is estimated to contain the equivalent of 8-16 tons of high-quality protein biomass. This thus presents a viable solution to the animal production industry in Kenya which is constrained by a lack of high-protein animal feed, volatile prices and a high dependency on imported protein ingredients such as fishmeal and soybeans.
There is clearly an opportunity for local agribusinesses to develop high-protein products for their use in the feed industries. A pilot project by Cordaid’s ACT Alliance partner DanChurchAid on harvesting of desert locusts for animal feed proved that processed DL have the potential to replace soybean as a protein input for chicken broiler diets, with positive effects on growth performance and body composition and reduced feed costs. Among poultry farmers in Western Kenya who fortify chicken feed with insects, it has been shown that this boosts the poultry immunity to common disease outbreaks.
While DLs offer an interesting business case for processing into animal feed, their availability is unpredictable. To bridge periods when there are no DLs, a combination with Kenya’s rapidly developing cricket breeding industry might offer sustainability solutions. Crickets are an equally reliable source of animal protein, fatty acids, and micronutrients such as iron, zinc, and folate, containing two times more proteins than beef, four times more iron than spinach and more B12 than salmon. They can easily be processed and have a neutral taste. Because cricket breeding can be done in a closed environment with the right standards, food safety is less at stake.
For human consumption, there is a substantial and growing market opportunity for crickets. There is a growing demand for insect-based food in Kenya especially among the middle- and high-income groups, pregnant and lactating women, and urban population focussed on health, nutrition, fitness, and general well-being who are increasingly using cricket-based produce. An ICIPE Survey showed that in Central Kenya, 65.5% of the respondents were familiar with entomophagy, and expressed willingness to consume crickets. Majority of respondents 93.3% and 50.8% preferred crickets in powder form and premixing of the powder with staple foods.
The ASAL regions seem to be the perfect area for cricket rearing. There are at least two indigenous edible species (Scapsipedus icipe and Gryllus bimaculatus) that foster in the warm and dry ASAL environment. Unlike other places for cricket rearing in the highlands of Kenya, there is no heating source needed to keep the crickets warm at night, and the species are resilient to common pests and diseases in the area. Additionally, crickets have shown to have a significantly smaller carbon footprint than other animal-based protein sources for human consumption, amongst others because they need less water and feed which are scarce in the ASAL region.
PROJECT DESCRIPTION2.1 OVERVIEW
(B)eat the Locust is a three-year project funded by the Nationale Postcode Loterej of Netherlands and implemented by Cordaid (Lead partner), ICIPE and IMPACT in Laikipia, Isiolo, Marsabit and Samburu Counties of Kenya.2.2 KEY RESULTS2.2.1 Objective
The Project’s main objective is diversification of the livelihoods of pastoralist communities in desert locust prone areas in Kenya based on an environmentally friendly and scalable insect value chain.2.2.2 Outcomes
The anticipated outcomes/pathways expected to lead to the achievement of the set objective are:
2.3 IMPLEMENTING PARTNERS’ PROFILES2.3.1 Catholic Organization for Relief and Development Aid (Cordaid)
Cordaid is a Dutch global organization with a double mandate for humanitarian action and sustainable development that envisions a world where people live dignified and healthy lives in equitable and resilient societies. Cordaid stands with those who are hit hardest by poverty and conflict, supporting them in their struggle to move beyond survival and to fully participate in equitable and resilient livelihoods. Cordaid finds and creates linkages and opportunities which empower communities to utilize their full potential. https://www.cordaid.org/en/who-we-are/about-us/2.3.2 International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)
ICIPE’s mission is to help alleviate poverty, food security, and improve the overall health status of peoples of the tropics, by developing and extending management tools and strategies for harmful and useful arthropods, while preserving the natural resource base through research and capacity building. The Centre’s vision is to pioneer global science in entomology, to improve the well-being and resilience of people and the environment to the challenges of a changing world, through innovative and applied research, alongside deep exploratory survey, impact assessment, evaluation, and capacity building. http://www.icipe.org/about/mission_and_vision2.3.3 Indigenous Movement for Peace Advancement and Conflict Transformation (IMPACT)
IMPACT works in the Northern Frontiers of Kenya, home to a considerable proportion of Kenyan Indigenous Peoples to address the underlying causes of social exclusion, discrimination, marginalisation, and poverty, which undermine Indigenous Peoples’ access to livelihood, a healthy environment, and socio-cultural rights. Our work focusses on seven key thematic areas, one which is Livelihoods and economic empowerment, where we seek to improve the economic conditions of local communities through the development of alternative sources of livelihood. Our current projects are spread across the counties of Laikipia, Isiolo, Marsabit, Samburu and some parts of Turkana County. https://www.impactkenya.org/about-us
BASELINE SURVEY3.1 The Baseline Survey Objective
The overall objective of the Baseline Survey is to provide an understanding on the viability and opportunities for diversification of the livelihoods of pastoralist communities in desert locust prone areas in Kenya based on an environmentally friendly DL control measures and scalable insect value chain.3.2 Specific objectives
The Survey should specifically be able to:
Geographically, the Survey will focus on four counties that suffered from the recent 2020/21 DL outbreak namely Marsabit, Samburu, Isiolo and Laikipia Counties3.3.2 Scope of Work
The consultant(s) will undertake the following activities to inform the Survey:
The duration of the assignment is a maximum of 30 working days. This shall be within the period December 2022 and January 2023.3.3.4 Methodology
The selected research Consultant will be required to prepare detailed research methodology which shall apply both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods which clearly highlight gender inclusive approach in developing the methodologies. The baseline should be conducted in a participatory and inclusive manner, drawing input from all key stakeholders.3.3.5 Quantitative data collection methods
The consultant is expected to generate Baseline data at goal, outcome and if applicable, output levels. Possible key respondents, data sources and study samples will initially be determined by project team. However, data collection methods, including full questionnaires are required from the consultant.3.3.6 Qualitative data collection methods
Expected key methods will be focus group discussions and key informant interviews with partners and other stakeholders in the target counties. The consultant is free to propose additional methods when and where they deem fit/appropriate.
3.3.7 Data analysis and interpretation
The consultant is expected to ensure that the Primary data and Secondary data analysis process will provide for disaggregated data by gender, age, and relevant criteria necessary as per the project indicators. Draft findings will be presented to the project team and key partners for validation.3.3.8 Role of Cordaid
3.4. Expected Deliverables
3.5. Required Qualifications, Experience and Skills
The Baseline Survey Consultant(s) must demonstrate a minimum of the following requirements;
- At least postgraduate studies in social sciences, science, economics, finance, or other related fields.
- Knowledge of government policy, planning and programming (national and county) in Kenya.
- Demonstrable understanding of market value chains with preference given to those with experience working on insects value chain
- At least five years’ experience in baseline studies
- Knowledge and expertise in participatory development methodologies.
- Excellent communication skills.
BIDDING AND CONTRACTING
All interested and qualified entities (including individuals, partnerships, companies and other organisations) shall be eligible to bid for this assignment
4.2. Submission of Bids/Expressions of Interest (EoIs)
- Technical and Financial Bids shall be sent to [email protected] with the Email Subject denoted as (B)EAT THE LOCUST – 200952: BASELINE SURVEY: BIDDING and addressed to
Programmes Lead – (B)EAT The Locust Project – Cordaid Kenya
Futuristic Centre ,Block 4 ,Church Road , Westlands
P.O Box 40278, Nairobi, Kenya
- The bid offer shall need to be valid up to 45 days after the deadline for submission of bids
4.3. Deadline for Submission of Bids
The bids shall be delivered to the provided address not later than 16th December 2022 at 5.00 p.m. Any bid received by Cordaid after this deadline will be rejected.
4.4. Bid Evaluation
The consultant will be selected according to the following criteria:
Only bidders that attain a score of ≥70% in the technical and financial evaluation will be invited to proceed to the oral assessment stage.4.5. Alteration or withdrawal of bids
CORDAID reserves the right to change and to alter any of the processes, requirements and provisions outlined in these Terms of Reference as well as the right to accept or to reject any bid, and to annul the bidding process and reject all bids at any time prior to the award of the contract, without thereby incurring any liability to any bidder or any obligation to inform the bidder of the grounds for its action. To allow prospective bidders reasonable time to take any amendments into account in preparing their bids, Cordaid may at its sole discretion extend the deadline for the submission of bids based on the nature of the amendments. However, where such alterations or withdrawals occur, the participating bidders shall be informed accordingly.4.6. Corrupt or Fraudulent Practices
ANNEXESAnnex 1: Baseline Reporting Requirements
The Baseline Survey Reports submitted by the selected consultant should be presented in simple and easy to understand English language. It should have a maximum of 50 pages with the following main elements:
- Title page, table of contents, and list of terms,
- Executive summary (not more than 2 pages)
- Project description and Methodology
- Survey findings
Annex 4: Financial Bid TemplateItem Unit # of Units Unit Cost Total Cost (Ksh.) Consultancy Fee (for the whole assessment period)
- The currency used in the Financial Proposal shall be Kenya Shillings
The technical proposal shall be evaluated based on its responsiveness to the TOR (Terms of Reference). Specifically, the following criteria shall apply:Evaluation Criteria Maximum pointsBidder’s score Remarks (1) Introduction: Description of the Firm and the Firm’s Qualifications5 (2) Background: Understanding of the project, context, and requirements for services 5 (3) Proposed Methodology: The proposed methodology MUST provide an indication of its effectiveness and added value in the proposed assignment. 15 (4) Firms Experience in undertaking assignments of similar nature and experience from related geographical area for other major clients: Provide a summary and supporting information on overall years of experience, and related technical and geographic coverage experience. 10 (5) Proposed Team Composition:
- Tabulate the team composition to include the general qualifications, suitability for the specific task to be assigned and overall years of relevant experience to the proposed assignment.
- The proposed team composition should balance effectively with the necessary skills and competencies required to undertake the proposed assignment.
- Lead Consultant Qualifications
- Provide CVs for key Consulting team including Statistician/Data Analyst (See Annex 6: Format for Curriculum Vitae)
Annex 6: Format of Curriculum Vitae for Proposed Professional StaffProposed Position: Name of Firm:Name of Staff: Profession: Date of Birth: Years with Firm/Years of relevant experience:Nationality:Professional Memberships: Detailed Tasks Assigned/Summary of Experience and Competencies:Key Qualifications: [Give an outline of staff member’s experience and training most pertinent to tasks on assignment] Describe degree of responsibility held by staff member on relevant previous assignments and give dates and locations]Education: [Summarize college/university and other specialized education of staff member, giving names of schools, dates attended and degree[s] obtained.] Employment Record: [Starting with present position, list in reverse order every employment held. List all positions held by staff member since graduation, giving dates, names of employing organizations, titles of positions held, and locations of assignments.] Recent relevant assignment [Starting with most recent assignments in reverse order give the recently completed task undertaken by the consultant relevant to the scope of this assignment] Certification: I, the undersigned, certify that these data correctly describe me, my qualifications, and my experience.
Signature of staff member] __________________________
Signature of authorized representative of the firm if bidder is firm_________________________
Full name of authorized representative: ______________________________
NB: Do not send CVs of persons who will not DIRECTLY participate in this assignment
Annex 9: Anti-Corruption and Ethical Conduct Declaration YESNOHave ever been declared bankrupt, being would up, are having your affairs administered by courts, entered into arrangements with creditors, or suspended business activities?
If yes give details: Have you been convicted or investigated for case(s) concerning professional conduct?
If yes give details:Have you been found guilty of grave misconduct?
If yes give details:Have you been the subject of a judgement that has the force for fraud, corruption, involvement in a criminal organisation or illegal activity?
If yes give details:Have you, in a previous Baseline Survey Consultancy, been declared to be in serious breach of contract for failure to comply with contractual obligations?
If yes give details:I, the undersigned, do hereby declare that the foregoing information is true and that there is no conflict of interest whatsoever in relation to the proposed assignment.
(Name of individual consultant/partnership representative/ company representative) welcome every action to strengthen transparency and accountability.
In this context we will;
Name of firm (if applicable)
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